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Copper: Copper has so many industrial uses that it would be virtually impossible to build the infrastructure of a country without it. Traders often refer to the commodity as Dr. Copper. They say the metal has a Ph.D. in economics because its price is a reliable barometer of the overall health of the global economy. In fact, investing in copper is a way to express a bullish view on world GDP.
Trying to navigate the peaks and valleys of market returns, investors seem to naturally want to jump in at the lows and cash out at the highs. But no one can predict when those will occur. Of course we’d all like to avoid declines. The anxiety that keeps investors on the sidelines may save them that pain, but it may ensure they’ll miss the gain. Historically, each downturn has been followed by an eventual upswing, although there is no guarantee that will always happen. Trying to avoid risk could itself be risky, since it’s impossible to know when to get back in.
The consumer price index climbed 0.3 percent last month, after rising 0.1 percent in September, according to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. It was the biggest rise since January, and it was mainly caused by an impressive surge in the fuel oil (+3.7 percent) and gasoline indices (+3 percent). However, the core CPI, which excludes food and energy, also rose, advancing 0.2 percent in October, following a 0.1-percent increase in September.
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Futures are a derivative product that allows traders to gain exposure to commodity prices without physically taking possession of the asset. With these contracts, traders agree to purchase a certain amount of a commodity at a date in the future (the expiration date). The trader pays for the contract at the time of purchase. If prices rise between the purchase date and the expiration date, the trader will profit, whereas if prices fall, the trader will lose money.
“With a view to enable integration of trading of various segments of securities market at the level of exchanges, it has been decided to permit stock exchanges to set their trading hours in the equity derivatives segment between 9:00 am and 11:55 pm, similar to the trading hours for commodity derivatives segment which are presently fixed between 10:00 am and 11:55 pm, provided that the stock exchange and its clearing corporation(s) have in place risk management system and infrastructure commensurate to the trading hours,” SEBI said in a statement.
The trade in commodities takes place in either spot markets or futures markets. In spot markets, the commodity trade happens immediately, in exchange for cash or other commodities. In futures markets, buyers and sellers trade a commodity based on a standardised contract. You do not have to compulsorily make or accept deliveries of physical goods here. Trade in futures contracts happens electronically and the contracts can be settled in cash.
National Commodity & Derivatives Exchange Limited (NCDEX) is a national level on-line multi commodity exchange which commenced operations on December 15, 2003. It offers futures trading in both agriculture and non-agriculture commodities. The Exchange has eight shareholders: Canara Bank, CRISIL Limited, ICICI Bank Limited, IFFCO, LIC, NABARD, NSE and PNB. All the shareholders bring along with them expertise in closely related fields such as risk management (CRISIL), rural bank network (Canara Bank in the south and PNB in the north), technology (ICICI Bank), agriculture (NABARD), on-line trading technology and derivative trading (NSE), market reach (IFFCO which has the largest number of farm cooperatives) and expertise in institution building (LIC).
The moving average is a line that plots the average price of a stock over a set period of time. A basic trading method is to buy when share prices rise above the long-term moving average and sell when the price falls below. In the paper, Technical Analysis with a Long Term Perspective: Trading Strategies and Market Timing Ability, some uncommon approaches were evaluated. One strategy was to analyze the trailing four years of market data to determine which moving average length proved the most effective for making investment decisions. Contrary to the usual calculation of moving averages using periods as short as 50 or 200 days, the moving averages in this paper were calculated over much longer periods of time.
Buyers would place these tokens in sealed clay vessels and record the quantities, times and dates of the transactions on writing tablets. In exchange for the vessels, merchants would deliver goats to the buyers. These transactions constituted a primitive form of commodity futures contracts. Other civilizations soon began using valuable such as pigs and seashells as forms of money to purchase commodities.
The above three sessions represent the stock market timing of stock exchanges in India. However, one special trading session happens not during the trading hours. It takes place during the festival of Diwali. The trading session is termed as “Mahurat Trading”. The date and time are declared few days before Diwali. In fact, the trading session begins in the evening and lasts for one hour. The timing of the session, in general, is 6.30 p.m. to 7.30 p.m. The pre-open session is from 6.15 p.m. to 6.30 p.m.